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AngularFire2

AngularFire2

Build Status

Status: In-Development

Realtime bindings and authentication for Angular 2

AngularFire2 integrates Firebase's realtime observers and authentication with Angular2.

Example use:

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
import {AngularFire} from 'angularfire2';
import {Observable} from 'rxjs/Observable';

@Component({
  selector: 'project-name-app',
  providers: [],
  templateUrl: 'app/project-name-app.html',
  directives: [],
  pipes: []
})
export class MyApp {
  items: Observable<any[]>;
  constructor(af: AngularFire) {
    this.items = af.list('/items');
  }
}

Install

npm install angularfire2 --save

10 steps to AngularFire2

Don't worry, we're working to make this shorter.

To build with AngularFire 2, make sure you have the Angular CLI installed. Then follow the steps below.

1. Create a new project

ng new <project-name>
cd <project-name>

The Angular CLI's new command will set up the latest Angular build in a new project structure.

2. Install AngularFire 2 and Firebase

npm install angularfire2 && firebase --save

Now that you have a new project setup, install AngularFire 2 and Firebase from NPM.

3. Install typings

npm install typings -g
typings install --save --ambient firebase

AngularFire 2 is written in Typescript and depends on typings for the Firebase SDK. To get a clean build, install typings and download the Firebase typings.

4. Include AngularFire 2 and Firebase in the vendor files

Open ember-cli-build.js (yes, I said Ember).

Include AngularFire2 and Firebase in the vendorNpmFiles array:

/* global require, module */

var Angular2App = require('angular-cli/lib/broccoli/angular2-app');

module.exports = function(defaults) {
  var app = new Angular2App(defaults, {
    vendorNpmFiles: [
      'angularfire2/**/*.js',
      'firebase/lib/*.js'
    ]
  });
  return app.toTree();
}

5. Build

ng build

Run a build and check the /dist/vendor folder for the angularfire2 and firebase folders.

6. System.js

Open /src/index.html. Modify the System.config like below:

System.config({
  map: {
    firebase: 'vendor/firebase/lib/firebase-web.js',
    angularfire2: 'vendor/angularfire2'
  },    
  packages: {
    app: {
      format: 'register',
      defaultExtension: 'js'
    },
    angularfire2: {
      defaultExtension: 'js',
      main: 'angularfire2.js'
    }
  }
});

AngularFire 2 and Firebase need to be mapped with System.js for module loading.

7. Bootstrap

Open /src/app.ts:

import {bootstrap} from 'angular2/platform/browser';
import {MyAppClass} from './app/<my-app-class>';
import {ROUTER_PROVIDERS} from 'angular2/router';
import {FIREBASE_PROVIDERS, defaultFirebase, AngularFire} from 'angularfire2';

bootstrap(<MyAppClass>, [
  FIREBASE_PROVIDERS,
  defaultFirebase('https://<your-firebase>.firebaseio.com'),
  ROUTER_PROVIDERS
]);

8. Inject AngularFire

Open /src/app/project-name.ts:

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
import {RouteConfig, ROUTER_DIRECTIVES} from 'angular2/router';
import {AngularFire} from 'angularfire2';
import {Observable} from 'rxjs/Observable';

@Component({
  selector: 'project-name-app',
  providers: [],
  templateUrl: 'app/project-name-app.html',
  directives: [ROUTER_DIRECTIVES],
  pipes: []
})
@RouteConfig([

])
export class ProjectNameApp {
  constructor(af: AngularFire) {

  }
}

9. Bind to a list

In /src/app/project-name.ts:

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
import {RouteConfig, ROUTER_DIRECTIVES} from 'angular2/router';
import {AngularFire} from 'angularfire2';
import {Observable} from 'rxjs/Observable';

@Component({
  selector: 'project-name-app',
  providers: [],
  templateUrl: 'app/project-name-app.html',
  directives: [ROUTER_DIRECTIVES],
  pipes: []
})
@RouteConfig([

])
export class ProjectNameApp {
  items: Observable<any[]>;
  constructor(af: AngularFire) {
    // create a list at /items
    this.items = af.list('/items');
  }
}

Open /src/app/project-name.html:

<ul *ngFor="#item of items | async">
  <li class="text">
    {{item}}
  </li>
</ul>

The async pipe unwraps the each item in the people observable as they arrive.

10. Serve

ng serve

Run the serve command and go to localhost:4200 in your browser.

And that's it! If it totally borke, file an issue and let us know.

API

AngularFire Service

The recommended way to take advantage of the AngularFire library is to use the injectable AngularFire service.

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
import {bootstrap} from 'angular2/platform/browser';
import {Observable} from 'rxjs/Observable';
import {FIREBASE_PROVIDERS, defaultFirebase, AngularFire} from 'angularfire2';
import {Question} from './services/question';

@Component({
  template:`
    <ul>
      <li *ngFor="#question of questions | async">
        {{question.text}}
      </li>
    </ul>
  `
})
class App {
  questions:Observable<Question[]>
  constructor(af:AngularFire) {
    // Get an observable of a synchronized array from <firebase-root>/questions
    this.questions = af.list('/questions');
  }
}

bootstrap(App, [
  // Common injectable providers from the AngularFire lib
  FIREBASE_PROVIDERS,
  // Tell AngularFire the base URL for the Firebase used throughout
  defaultFirebase('https://<some-firebase>.firebaseio.com')
]);

FIREBASE_PROVIDERS

Contains all AngularFire provider configuration for Angular's dependency injection.

Type: any[]

Usage:

import {bootstrap} from 'angular2/platform/browser';
import {App} from './app';
import {FIREBASE_PROVIDERS} from 'angularfire2';

bootstrap(App, FIREBASE_PROVIDERS);

defaultFirebase

Define the root url for the library, to resolve relative paths.

Type: string

Usage:

import {bootstrap} from 'angular2/platform/browser';
import {FIREBASE_PROVIDERS, defaultFirebase} from 'angularfire2';

bootstrap(App, [
  FIREBASE_PROVIDERS,
  defaultFirebase('https://my.firebaseio.com')
]);

FirebaseRef

Injectable symbol to create a Firebase reference based on the url provided by FirebaseUrl.

Type: Firebase

Usage:

import {Inject} from 'angular2/core';
import {FirebaseRef} from 'angularfire2';
...
class MyComponent {
  constructor(@Inject(FirebaseRef) ref:Firebase) {
    ref.on('value', this.doSomething);
  }
}

FirebaseUrl

URL for the app's default Firebase database.

Type: string

Usage:

import {bootstrap} from 'angular2/platform/browser';
import {Inject} from 'angular2/core';
import {FirebaseUrl, FIREBASE_PROVIDERS, defaultFirebase} from 'angularfire2';

@Component({
  selector: 'app',
  template: `<a [href]="url">{{ url }}</a>`
})
class App {
  constructor(@Inject(FirebaseUrl) public url: string) {}
}

bootstrap(App, [
  FIREBASE_PROVIDERS,
  defaultFirebase('https://my.firebaseio.com')
]);

FirebaseAuth

Injectable service for managing authentication state.

Logging In

To log in a user, call the login method on an instance of FirebaseAuth class. The method has the following two signatures:

login(config?: AuthConfiguration): Promise<FirebaseAuthState>;
login(credentials: AuthCredentials, config?: AuthConfiguration): Promise<FirebaseAuthState>;

The signature that is used depends on which AuthMethod you chose to use to login. AuthMethods.Popup, AuthMethods.Redirect, and AuthMethods.Anonymous all use the first signature whereas AuthMethods.CustomToken, AuthMethods.OAuthToken, and AuthMethods.Password use the second signature. This is because if you use these three AuthMethods you need to provide a credentials argument to login.

AuthConfiguration

You MUST provide an AuthConfiguration object to use the login method, however you do not need to pass it to login correctly. Instead you may choose to pass the configuration in through DI. This helps keep your components modular because they can simply call login and it will use whichever options were provided through DI. You can use the firebaseAuthConfigMethod to generate a Provider object which you can pass to DI like so:

import {bootstrap} from 'angular2/core';
import {
  FIREBASE_PROVIDERS,
  defaultFirebase,
  firebaseAuthConfig,
  AuthProviders,
  AuthMethods
} from 'angularfire2';
bootstrap(MyApp, [
  FIREBASE_PROVIDERS,
  defaultFirebase('https://<some-firebase>.firebaseio.com'),
  firebaseAuthConfig({
    provider: AuthProviders.Facebook,
    method: AuthMethods.Popup,
    remember: 'default',
    scope: ['email']
  })
]);

Once you've done that you can simply call login on the auth object. This will automatically use the options that were configured with DI. You can override those options by providing an optional configuration object to the login method like so:

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
import {FirebaseAuth} from 'angularfire2';

@Component({
  selector: 'my-component'
  templateUrl: 'my_template.html'
})
export class MyApp {
  constructor (private _auth: FirebaseAuth) {}

  public doLogin () {
    // This will perform popup auth with google oauth and the scope will be email
    // Because those options were provided through bootstrap to DI, and we're overriding the provider.
    this._auth.login({
      provider: AuthProviders.Google
    });
  }
}

Subscribing to Authentication State

Type: class FirebaseAuth extends ReplaySubject<FirebaseAuthState>

Usage:

import {FirebaseAuth} from 'angularfire2';
@Component({
  selector: 'auth-status',
  template: `
    <div *ng-if="auth | async">You are logged in</div>
    <div *ng-if="!(auth | async)">Please log in</div>
  `
})
class App {
  constructor (@Inject(FirebaseAuth) public auth: FirebaseAuth) {}
}

FirebaseListObservable

Subclass of rxjs Observable which also has methods for updating list-like Firebase data.

type: class

additional methods:

add:(val) => void: Add an element to the Firebase ref.

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